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Root Canal Treatment

Root Canal Treatment

Root Canal Treatment There are many dental problems that might result in pain, not only on the surface of the tooth but that which extends to the inside nerve that may cause severe and intense pain. This nerve inside the tooth is known as the dental pulp and it is made of different tissues that has blood vessels nerve endings and this nerve transmits sensation such as feeling hot and cold foods and it is located in the heart of the tooth. Inside the roots where it is referred to as the root canal.

Root canal infection

One of the worst pains to ever experience is the pain of root canal infection. This doesn’t usually happen in sound teeth, but usually happens as a result of infection or inflammation of the tissues within the tooth due to contamination by bacteria as a result of tooth decay. Root canal infection is diagnosed by the dentist who will do a complete examination of the oral cavity with a few investigative tests including X-rays. There are two main types of root canal infection and these are as follows:

Root canal infection that may be treated :

When the infection happens within the nerve partially, then the nerve is not completely damaged and it may be restored.

Root canal infection that cannot be treated :

When the infection happens and the nerve is completely damaged then the nerve has to be completely removed, the canals cleaned and disinfected to get rid of the bacteria causing the infection.

Reasons for root canal infection

Root canal infection arises from the accumulation of bacteria and the penetration of the associated toxins to the nerve through the enamel and dentine. This can happen because of the following :

  1. Poor oral hygiene that may result in dental caries
  2. Negligence in treatment of dental caries that may progress to cause more damage
  3. Cracks or signs of tooth wear in the teeth allowing for the penetration of bacteria.
  4. Trauma to the teeth
  5. Poor dental fillings

Symptoms of root canal infection

If you have pain in your mouth, there are some certain symptoms that will help you identify if you have a root canal infection. These include: – a sudden change in the colour of the tooth and appearance of dark stains– continuous sensitivity on the tooth for a very long time– feeling intense sharp pain when eating certain foods or drinks that are very cold or very hot– pain at night preventing sleep that may extend to the side of the face or cause a severe headache. In the event of a severe infection, there may be swelling and redness of the surrounding gums and cheek.

Precautions and care to prevent root canal infection

One must give special care to the oral cavity to prevent health problems that may arise from decay and several other issues this may result in infection of the teeth nerves that might end up in resulting in extraction of the affected tooth. This is why special precautions should be taken to ensure your that the oral health remains optimal.

1. Brushing teeth twice daily using a soft toothbrush and a fluoridated toothpaste

2. Use fluoridated floss to clean the teeth on a daily basis 

3. Regular dental visits every six months

4. Cutting down on smoking

5. Following a good healthy diet and limiting sugar intake

Root canal treatment

Root Canal treatment depends on the type of infection that is in the dental pulp. Upon visiting the dentist, a full complete examination will be done to diagnose the cause of disease and the extent of it.

Mild infection:

If the infection is mild and simple that has happened as a result of decay within the enamel and dentine the dentist will clean the tooth, remove the caries and place a filling to seal the cavity. It’s sealed to prevent further progression of disease and to resolve any associated pain and sensitivity

Severe infection :

If the infection is severe that has resulted from deep caries that has reached to the dental pulp then root canal treatment is done to get rid of the infection completely.
In some cases the damage is severe and the offending tooth must be removed before it spreads the infection to the surrounding bone and gums.