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Dark and stained teeth are considered to be one of the major problems that may damage the appearance of your smile and your confidence but it is one of the easiest problems to treat. The commonest procedure for treatment is whitening of teeth.
What is staining of teeth?
Staining of teeth is the change in colour that results in yellowing or darkening of the tooth surface. This darkening maybe intrinsic or extrinsic. Intrinsic stains happen within the surface of the tooth and this is when the enamel itself changes colour to become Yellow or Grey because of the the bacteria that penetrates the inside through the surface pores. Extrinsic stains happen on the outer enamel layer that may appear as superficial lines or spots that stain.
Several factors may result in teeth staining :– Poor oral hygiene – Smoking – Drinking foods that cause stains such as coffee, red wine, berry juice, soft drinks – some tooth wear diseases that affect the enamel – certain medications.But in all cases options exist to whiten the teeth to return them back to their normal appearance.
This is a procedure that is considered esthetic and one of the most popular way of treating stained or discolored teeth. This treatment is commonly done as it is cheaper, with immediate results and gives you a beautiful, vibrant, natural, white smile.
What are the teeth whitening options ?
Teeth whitening depends on “peroxide”, which is an ingredient found in most teeth whitening products in varying proportions. It works to break up stains and stains to leave your teeth whiter and lighter in color.
Bleaching may not be suitable for all tooth stains, as it is suitable for yellowing of the teeth, but brown or gray teeth may not respond at all to bleaching, and it is not suitable for dark teeth due to some medications or dental problems.
Also, some teeth are sensitive, so before bleaching is performed, the dentist should examine your teeth and gums to make sure that there are no infections or problems that may hinder the whitening procedure or may cause harmful side effects to you and your teeth.
After discussing the state of your teeth and gums with your dentist you can decide upon the most suitable way for whitening that will allow you to get the desired results.
Whitening can be divided into several types
Whitening by plasma
Teeth whitening by laser
Using laser or light is considered the most common technique for teeth whitening because it results in immediate effects that will be observed from the first visit. Furthermore, it has no side effects or cause sensitivity, although it might not be suitable for patients that have history of gum disease or cracks within the tooth, severe infection or other chronic conditions such as diabetes. Its also contraindicated in patients below 18 years and in pregnant women.
This procedure is done by placing a gum protector and placing the whitening gel of low peroxide concentration on the teeth. Followed by the light for a period of 15 to 30 minutes, the laser will react with the whitening gel resulting in lightening of the teeth and this can be observed by the end of the session.
Whitening by ZOOM Technology
Normal teeth whitening
How can you maintain the teeth whitening results?
The results for whitening is different from one person to another according to the health of the teeth and the amount of stains initially. The results obtained can be maintained by following these tips :
- Stay away from foods that might cause staining such as berries, pomegranates, and some other liquids like coffee tea and have habits such as smoking.
- Eat healthier foods that improve the strength of the teeth and reduce their sensitivity such as fruits and vegetables.
- Take extra care of your oral health with routine cleaning with a soft toothbrush and toothpaste twice a day, flossing frequently and using an appropriate mouthwash.
- Visiting your dentist regularly to check the health of the teeth and avoid any resulting decay.